# Student Resources

## Standards

The following content standards align to the lessons in this module.

## Simply Surveying

Key Common Core State Standards:
S.IC.1: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.

Supporting Common Core State Standards:
7.SP.1: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences.

7.SP.2: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. For example, estimate the mean word length in a book by randomly sampling words from the book; predict the winner of a school election based on randomly sampled survey data. Gauge how far off the estimate or prediction might be.

Standards for Mathematical Practice Emphasized:
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
4. Model with mathematics.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

## Predicting the Future

Key Common Core State Standards:
S.IC.1: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.

Supporting Common Core State Standards:
7.SP.1: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences.

7.SP.2: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. For example, estimate the mean word length in a book by randomly sampling words from the book; predict the winner of a school election based on randomly sampled survey data. Gauge how far off the estimate or prediction might be.

Standards for Mathematical Practice Emphasized:

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

## Situation Simulated

Key Common Core State Standards:

S.IC.2: Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process, e.g., using simulation. For example, a model says a spinning coin falls heads up with probability 0.5. Would a result of 5 tails in a row cause you to question the model? Make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies

S.IC.4: Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population mean or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.

S.IC.5: Use data from a randomized experiment to compare two treatments; use simulations to decide if differences between parameters are significant

Supporting Common Core State Standards:
N/A

Standards for Mathematical Practice Emphasized:

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

## The Importance of Being Random

Key Common Core State Standards:
S.IC.3: Recognize the purposes of and differences among sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; explain how randomization relates to each.

Supporting Common Core State Standards:
N/A

Standards for Mathematical Practice Emphasized:

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.

## Sneaking Statistics

Key Common Core State Standards:
S.ID.6: Evaluate reports based on data.

Supporting Common Core State Standards:
N/A

Standards for Mathematical Practice Emphasized:

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

## Maryland Technology Literacy Standards for Students

Student modules support learning in Standards 1.0 – 6.0 of the Maryland Technology Literacy Standards for Students. For more information on the standards go to the following page: