# Prize Winner, Part 3

### Resources for this lesson:

> Glossary

> Calculator Resources

> Teacher Resources: Instructional Notes

Khalid, Justyce, Andrew, Marissa and Allyson are satisfied with the game. They feel that the probabilities involved in the game make the game challenging, yet contestants do have a chance to win. They decide, based on the probabilities, to award three levels of prizes. They make the following rule sign to accompany the game board.

**What’s Behind the Door?**

If you can guess the letter behind the door, you win a prize!

**Large Prize:**

Guess all three doors correctly

**Medium Prize:**

Guess two doors correctly

**Small Prize:**

Guess one door correctly

From your work above, you already know the following:

Prize |
Probability to Win |
---|---|

Small |
$\frac{12}{27}$ |

Medium |
$\frac{6}{27}$ |

Large |
$\frac{1}{27}$ |

Recall how the game is created and conducted. Khalid, Justyce, Andrew, Marissa and Allyson designed the board so that one of three letters, A – B – C, is placed behind each of the doors. The letters are changed with each contestant to keep the game fair, and the letters behind the doors *can* repeat. For example, in one round the letter sequence could be C – B – A, and in the next round the letter sequence could be A – A – A.

How would the probabilities for the prizes change, if the letters behind the doors could *not* repeat?

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It is important to understand that if the letters can't repeat,
once you know the first two doors, right or wrong, you know the third door.

For a Small Prize:

= = $\frac{2}{3}\u2022\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{3}$

For a Medium Prize:

= or

= $(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{1}{2})+(\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{2})=\frac{1}{2}$

For a Large Prize:

= = $\frac{1}{3}\u2022\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{6}$

If the letters behind the doors do not repeat, it is clear that a person playing the game would stand a much better chance of winning a prize. Khalid, Justyce, Andrew, Marissa and Allyson do want people to stand a chance of winning but they do not want to make it too easy to win. They are concerned that if the letters cannot repeat that too many people will win and they will run out of prizes. If they keep the rule that the letters behind the doors cannot repeat, what other adjustment to the game could be made to make it a little harder to win a prize?

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Answers may vary; possible answer: have four letters but three doors.